- King c.825-773 BC.
Shoshenk III, a descendant of those *Libyan chiefs who had established the Twenty-second Dynasty, was no more capable of holding the kingdom together than his predecessors had been, and in c.800 BC there were two rival royal claims. Pedubast I established himself as pharaoh at Leontopolis and founded the Twenty-third Dynasty, while Shoshenk III continued the Twenty-second Dynasty at Tanis. Some years later the competition for the kingship had become even more intense and there were another two lines of pharaohs in Upper Egypt as well as a motley collection of principalities throughout the Delta, ruled by the descendants of the *Libyan chiefs. It was only the invasion from the south, establishing the Twenty-fifth or Ethiopian Dynasty, that succeeded in restoring unity to Egypt.Shoshenk III had taken the kingdom in place of Prince Osorkon, son of King Takeloth I, and he used royal titles based on those of *Ramesses II, but his reign witnesses further disintegration and anarchy. He managed to remain ruler for at least fifty-two years and was eventually succeeded by King Pemay.The burial of Shoshenk III was discovered at Tanis by Montet in 1939, and King Farouk was present at the opening of the coffin. It was believed that this would hold the remains of *Psusennes I, but instead it was found to belong to Shoshenk III.BIBL. Montet, P. La Necropole royale de Tanis. Vol. 3, Chechanq III. Paris: 1960; Kitchen, K.A. 3rd Int. pp. 334-47.Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. EdwART. 2011.
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CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE — PREDYNASTIC PERIOD (c.5000 3100 BC) Scorpion before 3100 BC UNIFICATION OF EGYPT (c.3100 BC) ARCHAIC PERIOD First Dynasty c.3100 2890 BC Narmer (Menes) c.3100 ? BC Aha c.3070 BC Djer c.3042 2995 BC Den c.2985 2930… … Ancient Egypt
Pedubast I — (reigned c. 818–793 BC) Throne name Usermaatre setepenenamun. Epithet meryamun. Founder of Dynasty 23. He appears to have assumed the royal titulary during the reign of Sheshonq IIIof Dynasty 22and founded a parallel line of rulers recognized… … Ancient Egypt
Osorkon, Prince — see Shoshenk III. Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David … Ancient Egypt
Pemay — see Shoshenk III. Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David … Ancient Egypt
Takeloth I — see Shoshenk III. Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David … Ancient Egypt
Introduction — The history of ancient Egypt extends from c.3100 BC down to c.AD 600, although during the later period it had become part of the Roman Empire. Prior to the unification of the country in c.3100 BC, there were perhaps two thousand years when… … Ancient Egypt
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Shoshenq — (also commonly spelled Sheshonq, Sheshonk, Shoshenk) is the name given in English transliteration to a number of Egyptian pharaohs of Libyan ( i.e. , Berber) origin who ruled during the Third Intermediate Period. :22nd Dynasty:*Shoshenq I: most… … Wikipedia
Story of Wenamun — The Story of Wenamun (alternately known as the Report of Wenamun, The Misadventures of Wenamun, or [informally] as just Wenamun) is a literary text written in hieratic in the Late Egyptian language. It is only known from one incomplete copy… … Wikipedia
Nectanebo I — (Nekhtnebef) King 380 363 BC. Nectanebo I and his successors came originally from the town of Sebennytos; as the rulers of the Thirtieth Dynasty, they provided Egypt with its last line of great independent kings. This dynasty built… … Ancient Egypt